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Updated: March 28, 2023, according to the ISO 27001 2022 revision.

If you came across the ISO 27001 and ISO 27002 standards, you probably noticed that ISO 27002 is much more detailed, much more precise – so, what’s the purpose of ISO 27001?

General differences

First of all, you cannot get certified against ISO 27002 because it is not a management standard. What does a management standard mean? It means that such a standard defines how to run a system, and in the ­­case of ISO 27001, it defines the Information Security Management System (ISMS) – therefore, certification against ISO 27001 is possible.

Which element is not a core component of the ISO 27002 standard?

A management system means that information security must be planned, implemented, monitored, reviewed, and improved. It means that management has its distinct responsibilities; that objectives must be set, measured and reviewed; that internal audits must be carried out; and so on. All those core components are defined in ISO 27001, but not in ISO 27002.

The differences between ISO 27001 and ISO 27002
  • Certification against ISO 27001 is possible, but not against ISO 27002.
  • Elements about responsibilities, objectives, internal audits, etc. are defined in ISO 27001, but not in ISO 27002.
  • ISO 27002 takes a whole page to explain just one control, while 27001 dedicates only one sentence to each control.
  • ISO 27001 prescribes a risk assessment, while ISO 27002 doesn’t.

The differences between the controls in ISO 27002 and ISO 27001

The controls in ISO 27002 are named the same as in Annex A of ISO 27001 – for instance, in ISO 27002, control 5.3 is named “Segregation of duties,” while in ISO 27001 it is “A.5.3 Segregation of duties.” But, the difference is in the level of detail – on average, ISO 27002 explains one control on one whole page, while ISO 27001 dedicates only one sentence to each control.

Finally, the difference is that ISO 27002 does not make a distinction between controls applicable to a particular organization, and those which are not. On the other hand, ISO 27001 prescribes a risk assessment to be performed in order to identify for each control whether it is required to decrease the risks, and if it is, to which extent it should be applied.

The question is: why is it that those two standards exist separately, why haven’t they been merged, bringing together the positive sides of both standards? The answer is usability – if it was a single standard, it would be too complex and too large for practical use.

The differences between ISO 27001 and ISO 27002

Which standard to use from the ISO 27000 series and when

Every standard from the ISO 27000 series is designed with a certain focus – if you want to build the foundations of information security in your organization, and devise its framework, you should use ISO 27001; if you want to implement controls, you should use ISO 27002, if you want to carry out risk assessment and risk treatment, you should use ISO 27005 etc.

To conclude, one could say that without the details provided in ISO 27002, controls defined in Annex A of ISO 27001 could not be implemented; however, without the management framework from ISO 27001, ISO 27002 would remain just an isolated effort of a few information security enthusiasts, with no acceptance from the top management and therefore with no real impact on the organization. So, to increase your chances of being successful in protecting your information, consider using the pair ISO 27001/2.

To learn how to become compliant with every clause and control from Annex A and get all the required policies and procedures for controls and clauses, sign up for a free trial of Conformio, the leading ISO 27001 compliance software.

Advisera Dejan Kosutic
Author
Dejan Kosutic
Leading expert on cybersecurity & information security and the author of several books, articles, webinars, and courses. As a premier expert, Dejan founded Advisera to help small and medium businesses obtain the resources they need to become compliant with EU regulations and ISO standards. He believes that making complex frameworks easy to understand and simple to use creates a competitive advantage for Advisera's clients, and that AI technology is crucial for achieving this.

As an ISO 27001 and NIS 2 expert, Dejan helps companies find the best path to compliance by eliminating overhead and adapting the implementation to their size and industry specifics.